Nature and Climate in Croatia
The pleasant Mediterranean climate reflects Croatia’s biodiversity: the warmth of the sun; the fertile, arable soil; the abundant flora and fauna; the teeming underwater world. Long, sunny summer days and mild winters, the warm sea and lush vegetation are typical of coastal Croatia. The mountain climate in the forests produces more pronounced winters, with large quantities of snow, while the climate in the Pannonian Valley is continental. Numerous lakes, rivers and fertile fields prosper there, as well as many bird species, freshwater fish, flora and fauna.
The landscapes of the Republic of Croatia are also reflected in the folk costumes and traditional songs specific to each region.
The region enjoys a pleasant climate with an impressive 2,600 hours of sunshine a year. Average temperatures in August reach a warm 19-23°C inland and 21-27°C along the coast. By contrast January sees temperatures between 0-11°C.
Croatia is also one of Europe’s most ecologically preserved areas with an outstanding diversity of wildlife.
Each region has a unique array of flora and fauna
Along the coast:
- Pine, cypress, olive, lemon and orange trees
- Bitter “wild” oranges (Dubrovnik)
- Lavender fields (Island of Hvar)
- White truffles (Istra)
- Rich marine life
- Kornati Archipelago is made up of 140 uninhabited islands, islets and reefs over 70sq km. Robinson Crusoe types and yachtsmen will delight in discovering numerous private, hidden coves.
- Krka waterfalls
Lika and Gorski Kotar
- Known as the “green heart” of Croatia, the mountainous regions of Croatia are covered with dense forests and home to brown bears, bobcats and kunas.
- No visit to the area is complete without a trip to Plitvice Lakes - Croatia’s best-known national park and only one of eight UNESCO World Heritage sites. The top attraction is 16 small lakes linked by waterfalls.
Central and Eastern regions
- Home to renowned, high-quality Slavonian Oak, which is still carefully crafted following centuries-old traditional methods.
- Kopački Rit National Park is one of the largest natural wetlands in Europe spanning 238 hectares. Its remote location has helped protect its beauty.
- Regional wildlife includes deer, wild boar and 300 bird species including the rare white-tailed eagle and black stork.